Sea and Unity in the Greek Flag

The patterns and colors of the Greek flag have changed several times since the Hellenic Revolution in 1821.

The nine white and blue stripes represent the number of syllables in the phrase “Eleftheria i Thanatos“, ie Freedom or Death, the motto of the Hellenic Revolution against the Empire Ottoman after 400 years of Turkish domination. According to others stripes were also chosen to symbolize the waves of the Greek sea moved by the wind. The white cross on a blue background symbolizes the devotion of the Greek Orthodox Christian Church, symbol of the unity of the nation who did so much for the national cause at the time of Turkish rule, preserving the language and traditions from any influence. (photo credits: James Burkett)